Friday, May 25, 2012

Objectives and Importance of Family Life Education

Objectives of family life education
In simple terms, family life education is an educational process that helps in developing physical, social, emotional and moral character of people in relation to the sociocultural aspects of the society. Family life education has flowing major objectives.
  • To help married couples to have fewer number of children.
  • To help the youth in learning how to deal with physical, emotional and social changes faced in the process of growing up.
  • To provide counseling services to the couples planning to have children.
  • To help the youth in learning how to establish and maintain satisfying relationships with members of the family, with friends and other whom they come into contact with.
  • To help in the protection and promotion of child and maternal health.
  • To create favorable environment for population control programmes.
  • To mobilize youths to spread population education among the people of community.
Importance of family life education
The importance of family life education is summed up in the following points:
  • Family life education helps the young people to solve family problems. 
  • It helps the youth in their growing stage to know about the social, emotional and physical changes that take place in this stage.
  • It develops the knowledge about different roles, function and maintenance of family.
  • It provides knowledge about maintaining good relationship among the members of the family and other people of the society. It helps to make the family happy and prosperous.
  • It develops the knowledge, values and the skills, which are necessary for adulthood, marriage and parenthood as well as for participation in community life.
  • It helps to deal with the changes in the adolescents' lives in their society.
  • It helps them to make wise decision and communicate effectively with others about all matters concerning the social behavior. It makes people aware that they are becoming sexually mature and leads them to understand the sex attitudes and behaviors.

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

Family life education

Family life is a very broad concept. It is quite complex as well, full of different responsibilities and duties of the family members, the probable conflicts and crises that arise in the family, generational conflict and many other matters related to family. If the members of the family do not know their duties and responsibilities, then the family condition may turn toward degradation and instead of love, affection and care, violence can be caused. Therefore, the knowledge about various aspects of family life is a must. Family life education is an educational programme designed to assist young generations in their physical, social, emotional and moral development to make them able to cope with temporal changes like adolescence, puberty and ageing, with an objective of living a better family life. In other words, it is a training to young people for being successful parents in the future and to perform their designated roles effectively. It is also taken as protection, reservation and extension of the family.

Family life education is not an education about physiology of reproduction, anatomy and sexuality or an education to prepare successful family members alone; rather it is an amalgam of all these. The major target group of family life education is young generation because on the one hand, they are the future heads to regulate the family. On the other hand, the radical thinking of young people brings fluctuation in family affairs. Family life education is intended to minimize the possible crises in family life. It also trains them to tackle with such problems; provides knowledge about practices, values and attitudes affecting family relations.

It does not simply deal with the physiology of the reproduction, anatomical changes, human development, and sexual behavior. It focuses mainly on assisting people in developing the ability to understand themselves and the society in which they live, to learn to think independently, to work out and clarify their own values and to evaluate and use information effectively in making responsible decisions about their lives.

Family life education refers to a broad program in home, designed to impart knowledge regarding practices, values and attitudes affecting family relationships.

Monday, May 14, 2012

National and Local Biodiversity Conservation Programme

Programmes for the conservation of biodiversity should be conducted at national, local and individual levels. Organizations and associations too must be encouraged. Conservation programmes can be effectively implemented when there is assistance from all. Some of the major conservation programmes and efforts are given below:
  1. National Park, Reserve wildlife and Conservation Area: National Parks, Reserves and Conservation Area have been established as protected areas in different parts of Nepal. There are 9 National Parks, 4 Wildlife Reserves and 3 Conservation Areas in Nepal. About 18.5 percent of the total area fall under such protected areas including buffer zones. The Wildlife Reserves, Conservation Areas and National Parks are helping to conserve the living beings in in-situ that is, in their original places. The in-situ conservation provides the vegetation, animals and birds the natural environment. Conservation of biodiverity in its original place is in-situ conservation. The in-situ conservation help various species to be conserved in the original site in the protected form. The effort provides the biodiversity conservation. The living beings get proper natural environment, food and habitat there. This is why National Parks, Wildlife Reserves and Conservation Areas have been set up in different parts of the country. Chitwan National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Rara National Park, She-phosksundo National Park, Langtang National Park, Khaptad National Park, Koshitappu Wildlife Reserve, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Annapurna Conservation Area, Makalu-Barun Conservation Area, Gokarna Conservation Area, Nagarjun Conservation Area etc are some examples.
  2. Artificial Conservation Site: The in-situ Conservation is not possible for all types of living beings. If they are not given appropriate natural environment, they become extinct. Therefore, ex-situ (artificial natural environment) should be created for the conservation of disappearing and rare living beings. This type of conservation is known as ex-situ conservation. Thus, the conservation of living things can be done in other favorable places.

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